New York City Urban Debate League

Schools should remove school resource officers

The novice NYCUDL middle school and high school topic for the first two tournaments is, Schools should remove school resource officers.  This bibliography is designed to get you started.

League coaches have access to more resources.



There’s a movement to defund school police, too

Some school districts are cutting ties with police. What next?

Denver’s school board votes unanimously to remove police from public schools

School Resource Officers. What are they and are they necessary?


Defund SROs 

Why so few school cops are trained to work with kids

How police became part of the public school system and how to get them out

Officers at schools enable systemic racism

Should we defund SROs?

NYC education panels calls for ending NYPD oversight

Calls to remove School Resource Officers grow in Virginia

Minneapolis public schools abolished their police first

Canada’s largest school district ended its police programNow Toronto may be an example for U.S. districts considering the same

Detroit school district faces calls to eliminate funding for its police force

Analysis reveals racial disparities in school arrests

Police don’t make most students feel safer, study shows

Do police officers in schools really make them safer?

ACLU calls for the removal of SROs 

What effects do School Resource officers have on schools? Studies conducted so far do not indicate that the presence of SROs creates a “school to prison pipeline” in which children are saddled with criminal records for behaviors that previously would only have resulted in minor in-school discipline.

Most School Resource Officers weren’t trained to work with kids 

An Examination of School Resource Officers’ Attitudes Regarding Behavioral Issues among Students Receiving Special Education

Handcuffing a Third Grader? Interactions Between School Resource Officers and Students with Disabilities

Rethinking law enforcement officers in schools 

Zero tolerance policies: A key to the school to prison pipeline

The school to prison pipeline, explained

Unthinkable Politics and the Dead Bodies of Children

Schooling the Police: Race, Disability, and the Conduct of School Resource Officers

An Examination of School Resource Officers’ Attitudes Regarding Behavioral Issues among Students Receiving Special Education, Current Issues in Education



While other schools have cut ties with police, Chicago has seen concrete changes

Keeping Kids in School and Out of Court

School resource officers can be a positive influence on kids 

School resource officers do more good than harm 

SROs deter crime 

SRO program should not be removed 

Ending SRO program means more than a loss of police 

SROs don’t need to be replaced, give them more help 

Con — Should Reform

Cops in Schools: Have we built a school-to-prison pipeline?

Redesign the SRO program 


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